Paradigms of social and healthcare policy which had prevailed in Egypt, Morocco, and Tunisia for the balance of the post-colonial period were subjected to significant reform over the past ten years. On the healthcare front, change came in different forms, though in each instance shifted the state’s role toward that of an insurer. In the domain of social policy, targeted cash transfers and conditional protection measures of other types rose to prominence in conjunction with reconfigurations of contributory insurance systems. Concerning the latter, it was questions of financing which primarily prompted the reform push, though deficiencies in social insurance system inclusivity also compelled policymakers into action.

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