The present policy brief examines youth employment dynamics in Egypt. It analyzes high youth unemployment, particularly for female youth and university-educated young people, and highlights how a decline in formal employment opportunities is pushing young people into informal employment, where they are excluded from social security and becoming vulnerable to underemployment and irregular work.

The policy brief shows, however, that university-educated young people can be employers that contribute to reducing youth unemployment if they are supported by an accommodative policy environment. It advocates for greater inclusion of young people and women in the formal labour market through targeted initiatives including prioritizing highly productive sectors, enhancing job placement services, and increasing investments in technical and vocational education.

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