In 2011, Ethiopia took a unilateral decision to build the Grand Renaissance Dam in a border region between Ethiopia and Sudan. Egypt opposed the project because of its possible repercussions on its water share of the Nile water. In fact, Egypt heavily depends on the Nile water, as 85% of its water comes from the Blue Nile, which originates in Ethiopia, and less than 7% of its water comes from other resources. Egypt’s total share amounts to 55.5 billion cubic meters per year. In addition, 7.3% of Egypt’s total energy production comes from the hydroelectric energy.
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