Social protection in Tunisia: An example of the decline of the welfare state

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Author: Mohamed Gowaily, Professor of Sociology at Tunis University

The welfare state, social protection state and other labels tell of a state’s identity and its social attitude toward citizens and in how it legitimizes its existence as a political entity. The social welfare system is first and foremost a political matter — it is the most notable component of the social contract forged between the state and the citizenry.

In this paper, the author considers various factors that have contributed to the decline Tunisia’s social protection system, one of the longer-established ones in the Arab region.